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Literacy Skills

In Y2, the types of spellings and spelling patterns that children are expected to know continues to increase. One of the main areas they focus on is how verbs change when different suffixes (endings) are added – for example, ‘-ed’ and ‘-ing’. There are, however, several verbs in the English language which do not follow these rules, and in these cases children need to just learn how the words change and how to spell them. Teachers often find that getting children to learn spellings is one thing, but then getting them to use them in their everyday writing is another! One of the methods which works well is ‘Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check’ – as the title suggests, children are encouraged to look at the word, say it out loud, cover it up, have a go at writing it and then check if it is correct. Having two or three tries means they can correct any errors.


Here are four kinds of past tense in the English language. They are the past simple, past perfect, past continuous and past perfect continuous.


Past simple

I walked

Past continuous

I was walking

Past perfect

I had walked

Past continuous perfect

I had been walking


Here are some examples of how to use past tenses in a simple sentence.

Past simple: "Yesterday, I walked all day."

Past continuous: "I was walking all day yesterday."

Past perfect: "I had walked all day, even though it rained."

Past continuous perfect: "I had been walking all day when it started raining."


Use the videos below to help you understand past tense and using ed at the end of words.


Past Tense ed.mp4

Still image for this video


Still image for this video
Here are some other literacy skills activities and handwriting joins for this week.