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Fascinating Food Chains


We hope you enjoyed exploring different micro-habitats last week and we’ hope you found lots of different minibeasts. This week we’re going to be thinking about how and why there are different plants and creatures in a habitat. In a healthy habitat all living things depend on each other, there are often lots of different food chains. But what is a food chain?


Talk to a grown up about the information you find out from these video clips. 

BBC Bitesize Science - Food Chains

What have you found out about food chains?

A food chain shows how each living thing gets food. Living things need food (nutrients) to survive and they get this in different ways. Food chains begin with plant life. Some animals eat plants and some animals eat other animals to survive.

You are part of a food chain. Think about the food you eat.

Where are you in the food chain? Does anything try to eat you!


Have an explore of your back garden looking for examples of food chains e.g. living things eating leaves. You probably won’t be able to see all the food chain but can you think about what else would be in the food chain e.g. leaf – caterpillar – small bird - hawk 


Work with a grown up solve these food chain challenges:

  • Food chain photo sort - Think about the different plants and animals and where they fit in a food chain. How many different food chains can you make?

  • Food chain paper chains - Can you link the chains to show the different food chains in action?

  • Food chain tubes - Can you make and place the tubes in order of size or inside each other to show how this food chain works?

Parents … Questions can be an excellent way of stimulating your child’s ideas and clarifying understanding. Possible questions to ask whilst working on the food chain challenges. 

What do you notice about the order of the animals? 

Often the bigger animals are at one end, little creatures or plants at the other. The largest animals at the end of the food chain are called 'predators'. Often food chains start with little plants that get their energy from the sun. 

Why do you think we call them 'food chains'? 

In a healthy habitat, all living things depend on each other and each part of the chain is food for another. Can your child suggest other food chains that they know about. 

You might want to talk to your child about what happens at the end of the food chain. What happens to the predator? Why is it that a food chain isn't a long line, but more like a circle? When predators die, their bodies turn into food for the creatures at the beginning of the food chain.


Happy problem solving!